Readings on the Less Commonly Taught Philosophies (LCTP)

Below is my list of suggested further readings on Africana, Chinese, Christian, Continental, Indian, Indigenous American, Islamic, Jewish, and Latin American philosophy. In general, I have focused on books rather than articles. I consider myself knowledgeable about Chinese and Anglo-European philosophy, so while the selections in these areas will inevitably reflect my own biases, I am confident that they are at least defensible.  However, I do not have significant expertise in any of the other areas, so I have had to rely upon bibliographies and references in other works. Consequently, some suggestions may be of uneven reliability.  Please blame me for this, and not the areas of philosophy themselves.

General

  • Bonevac, Daniel and Stephen Phillips, Introduction to World Philosophy: A Multicultural Reader (Oxford University Press, 2009), 624 pp.
  • Kessler, Gary E., Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader, 9th Edition (Cengage), 634 pp.
  • Riggs, Wayne, Amy Olberding, Kelly Epley, and Seth Robertson, The Deviant Philosopher, http://thedeviantphilosopher.org/resources (a website with an excellent and growing selection of primers, lesson plans, and activities related to "philosophies developed outside the intellectual lineage of the western canon").
  • Van Norden, Bryan W., Taking Back Philosophy: A Multicultural Manifesto (New York:  Columbia University Press, 2017).

Africana Philosophy

  • Outlaw Jr., Lucius T. “Africana Philosophy,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2010/entries/africana/>.  Excellent overview. Includes an extensive bibliography, which I have relied on heavily in constructing this section.

·      African Philosophy

  • Appiah, Kwame Anthony.  In My Father’s House:  Africa in the Philosophy of Culture.  New York:  Oxford Univesity Press, 1993.
  • Bell, Richard H. Understanding African Philosophy.
  • Brown, Lee.  African Philosophy:  New and Traditional Readings.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Coetzee, P.H. and A.P.J. Roux, eds. The African Philosophy Reader.  2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2003.
  • Danquah, J.B.  The Akan Fragment of God:  A Fragment of Gold Coast Ethics.  London:  Lutterworth Press, 1944.
  • Eze, Emmanuel C., ed.  Postcolonial African Philosophy:  A Reader.  Malden, MA:  Wiley-Blackwell, 1997.
  • Eze, Emmanuel C., ed. African Philosophy: An Anthology. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 1998.
  • Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks.  Translated by R. Philcox. New York: Grove Press, 1952.
  • Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth.  1961. Translated by R. Philcox. Paris: Presence Africaine, 1963.
  • Gyekye, Kwame. An Essay on African Philosophical Thought: The Akan Conceptual Scheme.  Reprint, Philadelphia:  Temple University Press, 1996.
  • Hallen, Barry.  A Short History of African Philosophy. 2nd ed. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2009.
  • Henry, Paget. Caliban’s Reason: Introducing Afro-Caribbean Philosophy.  New York: Routledge, 2000.
  • Imbo, Samuel Oluoch. An Introduction to African Philosophy. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.
  • Karp, Ivan, and D.A. Masolo.  African Philosophy as Cultural Inquiry.  Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 2009.
  • Mosley, A. G., ed.  African Philosophy: Selected Readings, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1995.
  • Nkrumah, Kwame.  Consciencism:  Philosophy and Ideology for De-Colonization and Development with Particular Reference to the African Revolution.  New York:  Monthly Review Press, 1964. 
  • Serequeberhan, T.  African Philosophy: The Essential Readings, New York: Paragon House, 1991.
  • Tempels, Placide.  Bantu Philosophy. Reprint, HBC Publishing, 2001. 
  • Wiredu, Kwasi, ed. A Companion to African Philosophy.  Malden, MA:  Blackwell 2004.  
  • Wiredu, Kwasi.  Philosophy and an African Culture.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 1980.

·      African-American Philosophy

  • Bernasconi, Robert and Tommy L. Lott, eds.  The Idea of Race.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2000.  An excellent anthology of essays from the 18th century to the present.
  • Boxill, Bernard. Blacks and Social Justice, Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield, 1984.
  • Brotz, H, ed. African-American Social and Political Thought 1850–1920. 2nd ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1992.
  • Davidson, Maria Del Guadalupe, Kathryn T. Gines and Donna-Dale L. Marcano, eds. Convergences: Black Feminism and Continental Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2010.
  • Dotson, Kristie, “How Is This Paper Philosophy?” Comparative Philosophy Volume 3, No. 1 (2012): 3-29.
  • Gooding-Williams, Robert. In the Shadow of Du Bois: Afro-Modern Political Thought in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
  • Guy-Sheftall, B., ed. Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought, New York: The New Press, 1995.
  • Harris, Leonard, ed. Philosophy Born of Struggle: Anthology of Afro-American Philosophy from 1917. 2nd ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt, 2000.
  • Hord, Fred Lee and Jonathan Scott Lee, eds. I Am Because We Are: Readings in Black Philosophy. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
  • King, Jr., Martin Luther. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr.  Edited by J.M. Washington. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1986.
  • Locke, Alain.  The Philosophy of Alain Locke: Harlem Renaissance and Beyond.  Edited by Leonard Harris.  Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1989.
  • Lott, Tommy L., ed.  African-American Philosophy: Selected Readings. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002.
  • Lott, Tommy L. and John P. Pittman, eds. A Companion to African-American Philosophy.  Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003.
  • Mills, Charles W.  Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.
  • Mills, Charles W.  The Racial Contract. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999.
  • Montmarquet, J. A. and W. H. Hardy, eds. Reflections: An Anthology of African American Philosophy. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2000.
  • Outlaw, Jr., Lucius T. On Race and Philosophy.  New York:  Routledge 1996.  
  • Pittman, John P., ed. African-American Perspectives and Philosophical Traditions. New York: Routledge, 1996.
  • Yancy, G., ed. African-American Philosophers: 17 Conversations, New York: Routledge, 1998.

Chinese Philosophy

Ancient (c. 500 BCE-300 CE) Chinese Philosophy

  • The Classic of Changes: A New Translation of the “I Ching” as Interpreted by Wang Bi.  Translated by Richard John Lynn.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
  • Confucius, Confucius: Analects: With Selections from Traditional Commentaries.  Translated by Edward Slingerland. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2003. 
  • Csikszentmihalyi, Mark, ed.  Readings in Han Chinese Thought.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2006.
  • Csikszentmihalyi, Mark and Philip J. Ivanhoe, eds., Religious and Philosophical Aspects of the Laozi.  Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.
  • Graham, Angus C. Disputers of the Tao. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court, 1989.  A good general history of ancient Chinese philosophy.  Especially strong on the Mohists and the School of Names.
  • Harris, Eirik L., trans. The Shenzi Fragments.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 2016.
  • Ivanhoe, Philip J. and Bryan W. Van Norden, eds. Readings in Classical Chinese Philosophy. 2nd ed. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2005. 
  • Jones, David, ed. Confucius Now: Contemporary Encounters with the Analects.  Chicago: Open Court, 2008. 
  • Kjellberg, Paul and Philip J. Ivanhoe, eds. Essays on Skepticism, Relativism, and Ethics in the “Zhuangzi.”  Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1996.
  • Kline, Thornton and Philip J. Ivanhoe, eds. Virtue, Nature, and Moral Agency in the Xunzi.  Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2000.
  • Laozi and Wang Bi.  The Classic of the Way and Virtue: A New Translation of the “Tao-te Ching” of Laozi as Interpreted by Wang Bi.  Translated by Richard John Lynn. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004. 
  • Liu, Xiusheng and Philip J. Ivanhoe, eds. Essays on the Moral Philosophy of Mengzi. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2002.
  • Mengzi, The Essential Mengzi. Translated by Bryan W. Van Norden. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2007.
  • Mozi, The Book of Master Mo.  Translated by Ian Johnston. New York: Penguin Books, 2014. 
  •  Olberding, Amy, ed. Dao Companion to the “Analects.”  Springer, 2013.
  • Raphals, Lisa A. Sharing the Light: Representations of Women and Virtue in Early China.  Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1998.
  • Schwartz, Benjamin.  The World of Thought in Ancient China.  Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press, 1985. Good history of ancient Chinese philosophy.  Especially good on Confucianism and Daoism.
  • Van Norden, Bryan W.  Introduction to Classical Chinese Philosophy.  Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2011.
  • Xunzi. Xunzi: The Complete Text.  Translated by Eric Hutton. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014. 
  • Zhuangzi. Chuang Tzu:  The Inner Chapters.  Translated by A.C. Graham. Rev. ed. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2001.  The introduction to this work is especially good.
  • Zhuangzi.  Wandering on the Way:  Early Taoist Parables and Tales of Chuang Tzu.  Translated by Victor Mair.  Honolulu:  University of Hawaii Press, 1997.
  • Zhuangzi.  Zhuangzi: Basic Writings.  Translated by Burton Watson. Reprint. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. 

  Chinese Buddhism

  • Cleary, Thomas. Entry into the Inconceivable: An Introduction to Hua-yen Buddhism.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983.
  • Cleary, Thomas, trans. The Flower Ornament Scripture.  Shambhala, 1993.
  • Cook, Francis H. Hua-yen Buddhism: The Jewel Net of Indra.  University Park, Penna.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977.
  • Cook, Francis H., trans., Three Texts on Consciousness Only.  Berkeley, CA: Numata Center, 1999. 
  • The Lotus Sutra.  Translated by Burton Watson. New York:  Columbia University Press, 1993. 
  • Makeham, John, ed.  Transforming Consciousness:  Yogacara Thought in Modern China.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Swanson, Paul L. Foundations of T’ien T’ai Philosophy: The Flowering of the Two Truths Theory in Chinese Buddhism.  Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1989. Includes 157 pp. of discussion followed by a 100-page translation of Zhiyi’s Fahua xuanyi. 
  • Zongmi. Inquiry into the Origin of Humanity.  Translated by Peter Gregory. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1995. 

Neo-Confucianism

  • Gardner, Daniel K., trans.  The Four Books:  The Basic Teachings of the Later Confucian Tradition.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2007.
  • Graham, Angus C. Two Chinese Philosophers. 1958.  Reprint. La Salle, IL:  Open Cout Press, 1992. 
  • Ivanhoe, Philip J., trans. Readings from the Lu-Wang School of Neo-Confucianism.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2009.
  • Kim, Yung Sik. The Natural Philosophy of Chu Hsi, 1130-1200.  Philadelphia: Memoirs of the American Philosophic Society, 2000.
  • Li Zhi.  A Book to Burn and A Book to Keep (Hidden):  Selected Writings.  Translated by Rivi Handler-Spitz, Pauline C. Lee, and Haun Saussy.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 2016.  Selected writings by an iconoclastic Neo-Confucian who, among other things, argued for the moral equality of women.
  • Makeham, John, ed.  Dao Companion to Neo-Confucian Philosophy.  Springer, 2010.
  • Tiwald, Justin and Bryan W. Van Norden, eds. Readings in Later Chinese Philosophy:  Han Dynasty to the 20th Century.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2014.
  • Wang Yangming and Lu Xiangshan.  Readings from the Lu-Wang School of Neo-Confucianism.  Translated by Philip J. Ivanhoe.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2009.
  • Zhu Xi.  Chu Hsi: Learning to Be a Sage.  Translated by Daniel K. Gardner. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.  Translations from an anthology of the writings of Zhu Xi (1130-1200), one of the most important Neo-Confucian thinkers, along with extensive and insightful explanatory comments by Gardner.

Chinese Marxism

  • Chai, Winberg.  Essential Works of Chinese Communism.  New York:  Bantam Books, 1969.
  • Liu Shao-ch’i. How to Be a Good Communist.  Reprint.  Paladin Press, 2006.  Despite the silly English title (the original Chinese is “On the Ethical Cultivation of Communist Party Members”) this is actually a serious work of philosophy, which attempts to synthesize Marxism and Confucianism.
  • Mao Zedong. Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung.  Vol. 1.  Peking:  Foreign Languages Press, 1965.  See especially “On Contradiction” and “On Practice.”
  • Nivison, David S.  “Communist Ethics and Chinese Tradition.”  Journal of Asian Studies 16:1 (November 1956):  51-74. 

New Confucianism

  •  Angle, Steve and Justin Tiwald, Neo-Confucianism: A Philosophical Introduction.  Wiley/Polity, 2017.
  • Clower, Jason T.  The Unlikely Buddhologist:  Tiantai Buddhism in Mou Zongsan’s New Confucianism.  Brill, 2010.
  • Makeham, John, ed.  New Confucianism:  A Critical Examination.  New York:  Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
  • Mou Zongsan.  Nineteen Lectures on Chinese Philosophy:  A Brief Outline of Chinese Philosophy and the Issues It Entails.  Translated by Esther C. Su. Foundation for the Study of Chinese Philosophy and Culture, 2015.
  • Mou Zongsan, Xu Fugan, Zhang Junmai, Tang Junyi, and Xie Youwei.  “A Manifesto on behalf of Chinese Culture Respectfully Presented to the People of the World.”  1958.  Translated by Eirik L. Harris.  URL= http://www.hackettpublishing.com/mou_zongsan_manifesto, accessed 27 July 2016.  This is a readable new translation of what is typically called the “New Confucian Manifesto.” 
  • Xiong Shili.  New Treatise on the Uniqueness of Consciousness.  Translated by John Makeham.  New Haven:  Yale University Press, 2015.

Thematic Studies of Chinese Philosophy

  • Angle, Steve.  Sagehood:  The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Cline, Erin.  Confucius, Rawls, and the Sense of Justice.  New York:  Fordham University Press, 2012.
  • Cline, Erin.  Families of Virtue:  Confucian and Western Views on Childhood Development . New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.
  • Ivanhoe, Philip J. Confucian Moral Self Cultivation. Reprint.  Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2000.
  • Johnston, Ian and Wang Ping, trans. Daxue and Zhongyong.  Hong Kong:  Chinese University Press, 2012. 
  • Li, Chenyang, ed. The Sage and the Second Sex: Confucianism, Ethics, and Gender.  Open Court Press, 2000.
  • Nivison, David S. The Ways of Confucianism: Investigations in Chinese Philosophy.  Edited by Bryan W. Van Norden.  La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1996. See especially “Philosophical Voluntarism in Fourth-Century China,” “Motivation and Moral Action in Mengzi,” “The Philosophy of Wang Yangming.”
  • Perkins, Franklin.  Heaven and Earth are Not Humane:  The Problem of Evil in Classical Chinese Philosophy.  Indianapolis:  Indiana University Press, 2014.
  • Priest, Graham.  One: Being an Investigation into the Unity of Reality and Its Parts, including the Singular Object which Is Nothingness. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. 
  • Shun, Kwong-loi.  Mencius and Early Chinese Thought.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.
  • Sim, May. Remastering Morals with Confucius and Aristotle.  Cambridge University Press, 2007. 
  • Stalnaker, Aaron.  Overcoming Our Evil: Human Nature and Spiritual Exercises in Xunzi and Augustine.  Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2006.
  • Tiwald, Justin, ed. Oxford Handbook on Chinese Philosophy.  New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
  • Van Norden, Bryan W. Virtue Ethics and Consequentialism in Early Chinese Philosophy.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Wang, Robin, ed. Images of Women in Chinese Thought and Culture.  Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2003. 
  • Wang, Robin.  Yinyang:  The Way of Heaven and Earth in Ancient Chinese Thought and Culture.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Yearley, Lee H. Mencius and Aquinas: Theories of Virtue and Conceptions of Courage.  Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990.  This is the book that started the revolution of interpreting Confucianism in the vocabulary of virtue ethics.
  • Yu, Jiyuan.  The Ethics of Confucius and Aristotle: Mirrors of Virtue.  New York:  Routledge, 2007).

Christian Philosophy and Natural Theology

·     

  • Aquinas, Thomas.  Treatise on Happiness. Translated by John A. Oesterle.  Notre Dame:  University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.
  • Aquinas, Thomas.  The Treatise on the Divine Nature.  Translated by Brian J. Shanley.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2006.
  • Augustine, Confessions. Translated by F.J. Sheed. 2nd ed.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2007.
  • James, William.  “The Will to Believe,” in Pragmatism:  The Classic Writings.  Edited by H.S. Thayer. Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 1982.
  • Kant, Immanuel.  Religion within the Bounds of Reason Alone.  Translated by Werner S. Pluhar.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2009.
  • Pascal, Blaise.  Pensées.  Translated by Roger Ariew.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2005.
  • Peterson, Michael, William Hasker, Bruce Reichenbach, and David Basinger.  Reason and Religious Belief:  An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.  5th edition.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Plantinga, Alvin.  God, Freedom, and Evil.  New York:  Harper and Row, 1974.
  • Plantinga, Alvin.  Knowledge and Christian Belief.  Grand Rapids, MI:  Eerdmans, 2015.
  • Rowe, William L. and William J. Wainwright.  Philosophy of Religion:  Selected Readings. 3rd ed. New York:  Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • Stump, Eleonore.  The God of the Bible and the God of the Philosophers.  Marquette University Press, 2016.
  • Swinburne, Richard.  The Existence of God. 2nd ed. New York:  Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Swinburne, Richard.  The Resurrection of God Incarnate.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Weil, Simone.  Simone Weil: An Anthology. Edited by Sian Miles.  Grove Press, 2000.
  • Zagzebski, Linda and Timothy D. Miller, eds. Readings in Philosophy of Religion:  Ancient to Contemporary.  New York:  Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Continental Philosophy   

  • Agamben, Giorgio.  Homo Sacer.  1995.  Translated by Daniel Heller-Roazen.  Stanford University Press, 1998.
  •  Althusser, Louis.  For Marx.  1965.  Translated by Ben Brewster.  Verso, 20067.
  • Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition.  1958.  2nd ed.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1998.
  • Bachelard, Gaston.  The New Scientific Spirit.  1933.  Translated by Arthur Goldhammer.  Beacon Press, 1986.
  • Bachelard, Gaston.  The Poetics of Space.  1957.  Translated by Maria Jolas.  Reprint, Beacon Press, 1994.
  • Barthes, Roland.  Mythologies. 1957.  Translated by Richard Howard and Annette Lavers. 2nd ed.  Hill and Wang, 2013.
  • Beauvoir, Simone de.  The Ethics of Ambiguity.  1948.  Reprint, Citadel Press, 2015. 
  • Beauvoir, Simone de.  The Second Sex.  1949. Translated by Constance Borde and Sheila Malovany-Chevalier.  New York:  Vintage Books, 2011.  One of the classics of modern feminism.
  • Benjamin, Walter.  “The Work of Art in Its Age of Technological Reproducibility.”  1936.  In Michael W. Jennings, Brigid Doherty, and Thomas Y. Levin, eds., The Work of Art in Its Age of Technological Reproducibility and Other Writings on Media.  Cambridge:  Belknap Press, 2008. 
  • Baudrillard, Jean.  For a Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign.  1972.  Telos Press, 1981.
  • Butler, Judith.  Gender Trouble:  Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. 1990.  Reprint, New York:  Routledge, 2006.
  • Cixous, Hélène.  “The Laugh of the Medusa.”  Pp. 245-64 in Isabelle de Courtivron and Elaine Marks, eds. New French Feminisms: An Anthology.  New York:  Schocken Books, 1981.
  • Cixous, Hélène. Newly Born Woman.  1975.  Translated by Betsy Wing.  University of Minnesota Press, 1986.
  • Critchley, Simon.  Ethics-Politics-Subjectivity:  Essays on Derrida, Levinas, and Contemporary French Thought.  Reprint.  New York:  Verso, 2009.
  • Deleuze, Gilles.  Difference and Repetition.   1968.  New York:  Bloomsbury, 2014.
  • Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari.  A Thousand Plateaus. 1980.  Translated by Brian Massumi.  University of Minnesota Press, 1987.
  • Derrida, Jacques.  Of Grammatology.  1967. Translated by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak.  Rev. ed. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
  •  Foucault, Michel.  The Archaeology of Knowledge.  Translated by A.M. Sheridan Smith.  New York:  Pantheon Books, 1972. Especially important concepts from this work include “episteme.”
  • Foucault, Michel.  Discipline and Punish.  Translated by Alan Sheridan. Reprint.  New York:  Vintage Books, 1995.  Especially important concepts from this work include “surveillance,” and “biopower.”
  • Fourcault, Michel.  History of Sexuality: Volume 1: An Introduction.  1976.  Translated by Robert Hurley.  New York: Vintage Books, 1978.
  • Foucault, Michel.  Madness and Civilization.  1961.  New York:  Vintage Books, 1965.
  • Gadamer, Hans-Georg.  Truth and Method.  1960. Translated by Joel Weinsheimer and Donald G. Marshall.  Rev. ed.  New York:  Bloomsbury Academic, 2013.
  • Guignon, Charles and Derk Pereboom, eds. Existentialism:  Basic Writings.  2nd ed. Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2001.  Includes selections from Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Sartre.
  • Habermas, Jürgen.  Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Translated by Christian Lenhardt.  Reprint.  MIT Press, 2001.  This is a good general introduction to his thought.
  • Hegel, G.W.F.  The Phenomenology of Spirit.  Translated by A.V. Miller.  Rev. ed.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1977.  Not a book for the faint of heart, but really amazing once you wrap your head around it.
  • Heidegger, Martin.  Basic Writings:  Key Selections from “Being and Time.”  Edited by David Krell with a Foreword by Taylor Carman.  Rev. ed.  New York:  Harper Perennial, 2008.  Being and Time (1927) is perhaps the single most important work of 20th-century Continental philosophy.
  • Husserl, Edmund.  Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology.  1931.  Translated by Dorion Cairns.  Martinus Nijhoff, 1977.
  • Husserl, Edmund.  The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. 1936. Translated by David Carr.  Northwestern University Press, 1970.
  • Irigaray, Luce.  An Ethics of Sexual Difference.  1984.  Translated by Carolyn Burke and Gillian C. Gill.  Cornell University Press, 1993.
  • Irigaray, Luce.  This Sex which Is Not One.  1977.  Translated by Catherine Porter.  Ithaca, NY:  Cornell University Press, 1985. 
  • Kofman, Sarah.  The Enigma of Woman:  Woman in Freud’s Writings.  Translated by Catherine Porter.  Ithaca, NY:  Cornell University Press, 1985.  
  • Kofman, Sarah.  Nietzsche and Metaphor.  1972.  Translated by Duncan Large.  Stanford University Press, 1993. 
  • Kristeva, Julia.  Revolution in Poetic Language.  Translated by Margaret Waller.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 1984.
  • Lauretis, Teresa de.  “Queer Theory, Lesbian and Gay Studies.”  differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies. 3:2 (Summer 1991):
  • Le Doeuff, Michèle.  The Sex of Knowing.  1998.  Translated by Kathryn Hamer and Lorraine Code.  New York:  Routledge, 2003.
  • Lyotard, Jean-François.  The Postmodern Condition:  A Report on Knowledge.  Translated by Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi.  Minneapolis:  University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
  • Marcuse, Herbert.  Eros and Civilization.  1955. Boston, Beacon Press, 1966.
  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice.  Phenomenology of Perception.  1945. Translated by Donald Landes.  New York:  Routledge, 2013.
  • Nancy, Jean-Luc.  The Disavowed Community.  1983.  Translated by Philip Armstrong.  Fordham University Press, 2016.
  • Ortega y Gasset.  The Revolt of the Masses.  New York:  W.W. Norton, 1932.
  • Rorty, Richard.  Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature.  Rev. ed.  Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 2009.  A controversial critique of the Western epistemological tradition.
  • Sartre, Jean-Paul.  Being and Nothingness.  1943. Translated by Hazel E. Barnes.  Reprint, Washington Square Press 1993.
  • Spivak, Gayatri.  A Critique of Post-Colonial Reason.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999. 
  • Spivak, Gayatri.  In Other Worlds:  Essays in Cultural Politics.  1986.  Reprint, Routlege, 2006.
  •  Taylor, Charles.  The Ethics of Authenticity.  Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 1992.
  • West, Cornel. The American Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism.  University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.  
  • Žižek, Slavoj.  Enjoy Your Symptom!  1992.  Rev. ed., Routledge, 2001.
 

Indian Philosophy

  • General: Potter, Karl. “Bibliography of Indian Philosophies.”  Last modified 10 November 2015.  http://faculty.washington.edu/kpotter.

Buddhist Philosophy

  • Blumenthal, James.  The Ornament of the Middle Way:  A Study of the Madhyamaka Thought of Santaraksita.  Boston:  Snow Lion, 2004.
  • Candrakīrti. Introduction to the Middle Way (Boston:  Shambhala, 2005).
  • Carpenter, A. Indian Buddhist Philosophy.  Durham: 2014.
  • Collins, Steven.  Selfless Persons:  Imagery and Thought in Theravada Buddhism.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • D’Amato, Mario.  Maitreya's Distinguishing the Middle from the Extremes.  American Institute of Buddhist Studies, 2012.
  • Edelglass, William, and Jay Garfield, eds. Buddhist Philosophy:  Essential Readings.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2009.  Excellent anthology of primary texts with helpful introductions.
  • Frauwallner, Erich.  The Philosophy of Buddhism.  Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2007.
  • Garfield, Jay L. Engaging Buddhism:  Why It Matters to Philosophy.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2015.
  • Garfield, Jay L. Empty Words:  Buddhist Philosophy and Cross-Cultural Interpretation.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Garfield, Jay L. and Jan Westerhoff, eds.  Madhyamaka and Yogacara:  Allies or Rivals?  New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.
  • Gethin, Rupert.  The Foundations of Buddhism.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • Gold, Jonathan C.  Paving the Great Way:  Vasubandhu’s Unifying Buddhist Philosophy.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 2015.
  • Goodman, Charles.  Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.  An interpretation of Buddhist ethics as a form of consequentialism.
  • Gowans, Chrisopher W.  Philosophy of the Buddha: An Introduction. New York: Routledge, 2003.
  • Harvey, Peter.  An Introduction to Buddhist Ethics.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • Holder, John J., trans.  Early Buddhist Discourses.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2006.
  • Jiang, Tao. Contexts and Dialogue: Yogacara Buddhism and Modern Psychology on the Subliminal Mind. University of Hawaii Press, 2006.
  • Keown, Damien. Buddhist Ethics:  A Very Short Introduction.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2005.
  • Keown, Damien.  The Nature of Buddhist Ethics.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
  • Nāgārjuna. The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way. Translated with commentary by Jay L. Garfield.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. 
  • Paul, Diana Y. Women in Buddhism: Images of the Feminine in the Mahayana Tradition.  University of California Press, 1985.
  • The Questions of King Milinda:  An Abridgement of the Milindpañha.  Translated by N.K.G. Mendis. Buddhist Publication Society, 1993.
  • Rahula, Walpola. What the Buddha Taught.  New York: Grove Press, 1979. Very clear introduction by a Theravada Buddhist monk.
  • Siderits, Mark.  Buddhism as Philosophy:  An Introduction.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2007.
  • Siderits, Mark, Evan Thompson, and Dan Zahavi, eds. Self, No Self? Perspectives from Analytic, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions.  Reprint, New York:  Oxford University Press, 2013.

Non-Buddhist Philosophy

  • Bhaghavad-Gita:  Krishna’s Counsel in Time of War. Translated by Barbara Stoler Miller.  New York:  Bantam Classic, 1986.
  • Bhushan, Nalini and Jay Garfield. Indian Philosophy in English: From Renaissance to Independence.  Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • Dasgupta, Surendranath N.  A History of Indian Philosophy.  5 vols. 1922-1955.  Reprinted by various publishers.
  • Deutsch, Eliot.  Advaita Vedanta: A Philosophical Reconstruction. Honolulu: East-West Center Press, 1969.
  • Deutsch, Eliot, and J.A.B. van Buitenen, eds. A Source Book of Advaita Vedanta.  Honolulu:  University of Hawaii Press, 1971.
  • Gandhi, Mahatma.  Gandhi:  Selected Political Writings.  Edited by Dennis Dalton.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 1996.   
  • Ganeri, Jonardon.  Philosophy in Classical India. London: 2001.
  • Ganeri, Jonardon, ed. Indian Logic: a Reader. Richmond: 2000.
  • Ganeri, Jonardon. The Lost Age of Reason: Philosophy in Early Modern India 1450-1700. Reprint.  Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Gupta, Bina. An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Perspectives on Reality, Knowledge, and Freedom.  New York:  Routledge, 2011.
  • Halbfass, Wilhelm. India and Europe:  An Essay in Understanding.  Albany:  State University of New York Press, 1988.
  • Halbfass, Wilhelm.  Tradition and Reflection: Explorations in Indian Thought.  Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991.
  • Hamilton, S. Indian Philosophy: a Very Short Introduction (Oxford: 2001).

  • Hiriyanna, M. Outlines of Indian Philosophy. London:  George Allen & Unwin, 1932.

  • King, R. Indian Philosophy: an Introduction to Hindu and Buddhist Thought. Washington DC: 1999.

  • Koller, John M., and Patricia Koller, eds. A Sourcebook in Asian Philosophy. New York:  Prentice-Hall, 1991.
  • Krishna, Daya.  Indian Philosophy: A Counter-Perspective.  Oxford, 1992.
  • Matilal, Bimal Krishna. Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge. Oxford: 1986.
  • Matilal, Bimal Krishna. Mind, Language, and World.  Delhi: 2002; reprinted 2015.
  • Matilal, Bimal Krishna. Ethics and Epics.  Delhi: 2002; reprinted 2015.
  • Matilal, Bimal Krishna. Logical and Ethical Issues.  New Delhi: 2004.
  • Mohanty, J.N. Classical Indian Philosophy.  Lanham, MA:  Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.
  • Mohanty, J.N. Reason and Tradition in Indian Thought (Oxford, 1998).
  • Phillips, Stephen H. Classical Indian Metaphysics. La Salle, IL:  Open Court Press, 1995.
  • Potter, Karl H. Presuppositions of India’s Philosophies.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ:  Prentice-Hall, 1963.
  • Rarhakrishnan, Sarvepalli, and Charles A. Moore, eds.  A Source Book in Indian Philosophy. Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1957.
  • Sarma, Deepak. Classical Indian Philosophy:  A Reader.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 2011.
  • Sen, Amartya.  “Indian Traditions and the Western Imagination.”  Daedulus 129: 1-26.
  • Smart, Ninian. Doctrine and Argument in Indian Philosophy.  London:  George Allen & Unwin, 1964.
  • Tagore, Rabindranath.  Nationalism.  1917.  Reprint.  A Word to the Wise, 2013.
  • Tagore, Rabindranath.  The Religion of Man.  1931.  Reprint.  Martino Fine Books, 2013.
  • Zimmer, Heinrich.  Philosophies of India.  Edited by Joseph Campbell.  Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1969. 
  •  

Indigenous Philosophies of the Americas

  • Alfred, Taiaiake. Wasáse:  Indigenous Pathways of Action and Freedom. Reprint.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015.
  • Brandt, Richard P.  Hopi Ethics.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1954.
  • Burkhart, Brian Yazzie. “Red Wisdom, Highlighting Recent Writing in Native American Philosophy.” Confluence 1 (2014): 227-239. 
  • Cajete, Gregory.  Native Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence.  Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light Books, 1999.
  • Coulthard, G. S. Red Skin, White Masks: Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014.
  • Deloria, Jr., Vine. Spirit and Essence:  The Vine Deloria, Jr. Reader.  Edited by Barbara Deloria, Kristen Foehner, and Sam Scinta.  Golden, CO:  Fulcrum, 1999.
  • Fixico, Donald.  The American Indian Mind in a Linear World.  New York:  Routledge, 2003.
  • Gingerich, Willard.  “Heidegger and the Aztecs: The Poetics of Knowing in Pre-Hispanic Nahuatl Poetry.” Pp. 85-112 in Recovering the Word: Essays on Native American Literature. Edited by B. Swann and A. Krupat.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.
  • Hester, Jr., Thurman Lee and Dennis McPherson, “The Euro-American Philosophical Tradition and Its Ability to Examine Indigenous Philosophy,” Ayaangwaamizim: The International Journal of Indigenous Philosophy, 1:1 (1997): 3-9.
  • Lawlor, Robert.  Voices of the First Day:  Awakening in the Aboriginal Dreamtime.  Inner Traditions, 1991.  On Australian aboriginal thought.
  • León-Portilla, Miguel. Aztec Thought and Culture: A Study of the Ancient Nahuatl Mind.  Translated by Jack Emory Davis. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.
  • León-Portilla, Miguel. Time and Reality in the Thought of the Maya, 2nd ed. Translated by Charles Boiles, Fernanado Horcasitas, and Miguel León-Portilla. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988.
  • Maffie, James. Aztec Philosophy:  Understanding a World in Motion.  Boulder:  University Press of Colorado, 2014.
  • Moore, Kathleen Dean, Kurt Peters, Ted Jojola, and Amber Lacy, eds. How It Is: The Native American Philosophy of V.F. Cordova.  University of Arizona Press, 2007.
  • Niehardt, John G. Black Elk Speaks: Being the Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux. Reprint.  Lincoln:  University of Nebraska Press, 2000.
  • Norton-Smith, Thomas M.  The Dance of Person and Place:  One Interpretation of American Indian Philosophy.  Albany:  State University of New York Press, 2010.  Norton-Smith applies the philosophy of Nelson Goodman to Native American thought.  Excellent resource for analytic philosophers seeking to bring the two traditions into dialogue.
  • Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings.  Introduction, translation and commentary by Dennis Tedlock. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.
  • Pratt, Scott L.  Native Pragmatism:  Rethinking the Roots of American Philosophy.  Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 2002.
  • Santana, Alejandro. “Did the Aztecs Do Philosophy?” American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy 8:1 (2008): 2-9.
  • Tomsons, Sandra and Lorraine Mayer, eds.  Philosophy and Aboriginal Rights: Critical Dialogues.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Turner, Dale.  This Is Not a Peace Pipe:  Toward a Critical Indigenous Philosophy.  Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 2006.
  • Warrior, Robert Allen.  Tribal Secrets:  Recovering American Indian Intellectual Traditions.  Minneapolis:  University of Minnesota press, 1995.
  • Waters, Anne, ed.  American Indian Thought:  Philosophical Essays. Wiley-Blackwell. 2003.
  • Weaver, Jace, ed. Defending Mother Earth: Native American Perspectives on Environmental Justice.  Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1996.
  • Whyte, Kyle P. “Is it Colonial Déjà Vu? Indigenous Peoples and Climate Injustice.” Humanities for the Environment: Integrating Knowledges, Forging New Constellations of Practice. Edited by J. Adamson, M. Davisand, and H. Huang. Earthscan Publications, 2016.
  • Whyte, Kyle P. “Our Ancestor’s Dystopia Now: Indigenous Conservation and the Anthropocene.” Routledge Companion to the Environmental Humanities. Edited by U. Heise, J. Christensen, and M. Niemann. Routledge, 2016.
  • Whyte, Kyle P. “What Do Indigenous Knowledges Do for Indigenous Peoples?” Keepers of the Green World: Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Sustainability.  Edited by M.K. Nelson and D. Shilling. Cambridge University Press, 2016.
  • Wilshire, Bruce.  The Primal Roots of American Philosophy:  Pragmatism, Phenomenology, and Native American Thought.  University Park, PA:  Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.
  • Witherspoon, Gary. Language and Art in the Navajo Universe.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1977.

Islamic Philosophy

  • Adamson, Peter.  A History of Philosophy without Any Gaps:  Philosophy in the Islamic World.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2016.
  • Adamson, Peter.  Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction. New York:  Oxford University Press, 2015.  Includes an extensive list of suggestions for further reading, which I have relied on heavily in constructing this section.
  • Adamson, Peter, ed.  Interpreting Avicenna.  New York:  Cambridge University press, 2013.
  • Adamson, Peter and P E. Portmann, trans.  The Philosophical Works of al-Kīndī.  Karachi, 2012.
  • Adamson, Peter and Richard Taylor, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Butterworth, Charles E., trans.  Alfarabi:  The Political Writings.  Ithaca, 2001.
  • Daiber, Hans.  Bibliography of Islamic Philosophy.  2 vols. Leiden:  Brill, 1999, 2006.
  • Griffel, Frank.  Al-Ghazālī’s Philosophical Theology.  New York, 2009.
  • Kaukua, Jari.  Self-Awareness in Islamic Philosophy:  Avicenna and Beyond.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2015.
  • McGinnis, Jon.  Avicenna.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 2010.
  • Nasr, Seyyed H. and O Leaman, eds.  History of Islamic Philosophy.  2 vols.  London, 1996.
  • Khalidi, Muhammad A., ed.  Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • McGinnis, Jon and David Reisman, eds. Classical Arabic Philosophy: An Anthology of Sources.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2007.
  • Renard, John, ed. Islamic Theological Themes:  A Primary Source Reader.  Oakland, 2014.
  • Winter, Tim, ed.  The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Jewish Philosophy

  • Buber, Martin. I and Thou.  Translated by Walter Kaufmann. Reprint.  New York:  Touchstone, 1996.
  • Frank, Daniel H. and Oliver Leaman, eds.  The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Jewish Philosophy.  New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Frank, Daniel H. and Oliver Leaman, eds.  History of Jewish Philosophy.  New York:  Routledge, 1997.
  • Frank, Daniel H., Oliver Leaman, and Charles Manekin, eds.  The Jewish Philosophy Reader. New York:  Routledge, 2000.
  • Gaon, Saadya.  The Book of Doctrines and Beliefs. Translated by Alexander Altmann.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2002.
  • Levinas, Immanuel.  Immanuel Levinas:  Basic Philosophical Writings.  Edited by Adriaan T. Peperzak, Simon Critchley, and Robert Bernasconi.  Indiana University Press, 2008.
  • Maimonides. The Guide of the Perplexed.  Translated by Chaim Rabin. Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 1995.
  • Manekin, Charles, ed. Medieval Jewish Philosophical Writings.  Cambridge, 2007.
  • Rosenzweig, Franz. Franz Rosenzweig:  His Life and Thought. Presented by Nahuhn Glatzer.  3rd ed. Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 1998.  Part autobiography, part anthology.
  • Rosenzweig, Franz.  Philosophical and Theological Writings, trans. Paul W. Franks and Michael L. Morgan.  Indianapolis:  Hackett Publishing, 2000.

Latin American Philosophy

  • Caponigri, A. Robert, trans.  Major Trends in Mexican Philosophy.  University of Notre Dame Press, 1966.
  • Dussel, Enrique. Ethics of Liberation:  In the Age of Globalization and Exclusion.  Edited by Alejandro A. Vallega, and translated by Eduardo Mendieta, Camilo Pérez Bustillo, Yolanda Angulo, Nelson Maldonado-Torres. Duke University Press, 2013.
  • Femenías, Marías Luisa and Amy Oliver.  Feminist Philosophy in Latin America and Spain.  New York:  Continuum, 2007.
  • Gracia, Jorge J. E.  Hispanic/Latino Identity: A Philosophical Perspective Malden: Blackwell, 2000.
  • Gracia, Jorge J. E.  Latinos in America: Philosophy and Social Identity. Malden: Blackwell, 2008.
  • Gracia, Jorge J.E. and Manuel Vargas, “Latin American Philosophy,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2013/entries/latin-american-philosophy/>.  Includes an extensive bibliography, which I have relied upon heavily in constructing this list of readings.
  • Gracia, Jorge J.E. and Elizabeth Millán-Zaibert, eds.  Latin American Philosophy for the 21st Century:  A Critical Assessment of the Current Situation. Albany:  State University of New York Press, 2004.
  • Lugones, Maria.  Pilgrimages/Peregrinajes:  Theorizing Coalition against Multiple Oppressors (Rowan & Littlefield, 2003).
  • Mariátegui, José Carlos.  Seven Interpretive Essays on Peruvian Reality. Reprint.  Austin:  University of Texas press, 1971.
  • Márquez, Ivan, ed.  Contemporary Latin American Social and Political Thought:  An AnthologyLanham, MD:  Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.
  • Mendieta, Eduardo. Globalizations, Latinamericanisms, and Critical Theory.  Albany: State University of New York Press, 2007.
  • Mendieta, Eduardo, ed.  Latin American Philosophy:  Currents, Issues, and Debates.  Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 2003.
  • Nuccetelli, Susana.  Latin American Thought:  Philosophical Problems and Arguments.  Boulder, CO:  Westview Press, 2001.
  • Nuccetelli, Susana, Ofelia Schutte, and Otávio Bueno, eds. A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Malden, MA:  Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
  • Nuccetelli, Susana and Gary Seay, eds.  Latin American Philosophy:  An Introduction with Readings.  Upper Saddle River, NJ:  Prentice Hall, 2003.
  • Silverblatt, I. Modern Inquisitions: Peru and the Colonial Origins of the Civilized World. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.
  • Zea, Leopoldo. The Latin American Mind.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.